Warehouse types are increasing due to different reasons. Warehouses are divided into two according to Article 328 of the Customs Law. These are the general warehouse and the private warehouse.
According to another view, this classification is grouped under three headings. These; It consists of customs warehouse, general warehouse and private warehouse. However, it is generally accepted under two headings. Warehouses consist of types in both groups.
In some warehouse types, a “warehouse stock book” is kept for the products. A type, C type, D type, E type are among these warehouses. This recorded list is sent to the affiliated directorate at the end of the year. In A, C and D type warehouses, the product is recorded as soon as it enters the warehouse, while in the E type warehouse, the product is recorded while it is in the storage area. So, what are the Warehouse types?
General warehouse refers to the area where everyone can leave products. The general warehouse is divided into three as A type, B type and F type warehouses. Type A refers to the type that is obliged to pay taxes in the face of deficiencies in the product registered in the warehouse.
Another type, type B, is the warehouse type where all the responsibility of the product is collected by the user. F-type warehouse is a type of warehouse where the processes are operated by the customs administration. When it comes to warehouse types, we come across different alternative options. It is known that recently, Warehouse varieties have been designed at a much higher level.
The private warehouse represents the area where some products can be placed by the warehouse operator, as the opposite of the general warehouse. Private warehouses, on the other hand, are grouped into three groups as C type, D type and E type. Type C warehouse is the type of warehouse in which the obligations of the product are both the operator and the owner, although it is private.
Another type is the D type warehouse. It is the type of warehouse where the user and operator of the product are the same person. E-type warehouse is similar to the D-type, but it is the type of warehouse where the principles of the warehouse regime are applied to the product. Such products have been designed frequently lately.
The first thing to do to open a warehouse is to make a written application to any customs office. The Customs Directorate sends the application together with the necessary documents to the Regional Directorate of Customs and Trade, which is affiliated to the Ministry of Commerce. The Directorate evaluates the relevant region from an economic point of view and conveys its opinions to the Ministry of Commerce.
The Ministry, on the other hand, reaches a conclusion by looking at whether a warehouse is necessary in the region, the physical conditions, the reliability of the situation, the adequacy and infrastructure of the region. This is how the process goes. The plan, license and documents, sketch, approved documents, land registry copy and many other documents of the investor who obtains the necessary permission are submitted to the Customs Directorate. The warehouse to be opened should be close to the customs directorate. In this regard, a maximum limit of 50 km has been drawn.